History of Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Andalusia, South of Spain

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Speaking of the history of Puerto de Santa María is speaking of the history of the discovery of the Americas. This town is very close to the figure of Cristopher Columbus and to la Pinta, la Niña and la Santa María. But much before these events took place during the 15th Century, some other stages of history in this area have to be emphasised.

History in this area of the Spanish peninsula is going back to the paleolític and mesolític periods including the Phoenician settlement, archeological sites, which have been discovered during the past few years.

In the year 711, the Musulmans and the Christians had an important battle in the Orillas del Guadalete, a battle which resulted in the conquest of these lands by the Arabs. The settlement of the Arabs was extended until the capture of the land in the year 1260 by Alfonso X. It was Alfonso X who named the place Santamaría del Puerto. The town henceforth belonged to the crown of Castilla.
In the 14th Century, the duke of Medinaceli takes overthe town and this was when Puerto de Santa María had its most fruitful and splendid period of its history. In the 15th Century, during the last quarter, Cristóbal Colón lived her, whilst he was looking for funds for its voyage to the Indias. This was the place where Santa María was founded and from where the second voyage to the Americas was leaving.

These events made of Puerto Santa Maria an important place for the encounter of ship owners and trading people, who where accommodated in the casas palacio, which were residential centres and where the Puerto de Santa María had its beginnings as we know it today.

During the 16th and 17th Century Puerto de Santa María changed into the headquaters of the Capitania del Mar with seat of the Royal galley and the Spanish fleet which travelled all around the world and was in 1729 that Puerto de Santa María was incorported in the Spanish crown.

The Century of lights, the 18th Century witnesses the alteration of Puerto de Santa María, as a place for many illustrious residents, during the War of Independance it changed into the French quaters under the rule of José Bonaparte, or also called Pepe Botella for its liking of the liquor.

During the battles of the 19th Century on the Spanish peninsule, Puerto de Santa María had the distinguised position that from here departed the carta magna of 1812. The Port continued to grow and being the headquaters of important commercial transactions. Thanks to its portual installations and its industry, its population was growing bit by bit.

Nowadays is Puerto de Santa María a place, where one can follow up the history in its streets and surroundings and which bases its economic income on tourism, wines and fishing.

Puerto de Santa María is today one of the principal industrial and leisure centres of the Bahía de Cádiz. Commercial centres like Vista Hermosa or Bahía del Mar, wine cellars like Osborne, Terry, Caballero, 501 or Grant amongst many others know on an international level.

Bus routes to El Puerto de Santa María El Puerto de Santa María

Route durationOperators Daily routes First arrivalLast arrivalfrom
Ronda - El Puerto de Santa María03h 00mComes112:3012:3015 €
Zurich - El Puerto de Santa María22h 30mExportbus115:0015:0070 €
St. Gallen - El Puerto de Santa María21h 15mExportbus115:0015:0070 €
Tarifa - El Puerto de Santa María02h 20mComes114:2014:2012 €
Barbate - El Puerto de Santa María01h 30mComes108:2008:208 €
Canos de Meca - El Puerto de Santa María01h 15mComes122:3022:306 €
Seville - El Puerto de Santa María01h 45mComes114:3514:3511 €
Zahara de los Atunes - El Puerto de Santa María01h 20mComes116:3016:308 €
Bilbao - El Puerto de Santa María14h 45mSecorbus111:4511:4558 €
El Gastor - El Puerto de Santa María02h 30mComes112:3012:3011 €
Puerto Serrano - El Puerto de Santa María01h 50mComes112:3012:309 €
Algeciras - El Puerto de Santa María02h 50mComes114:2014:2015 €
Pelayo - El Puerto de Santa María02h 15mComes116:3016:3011 €
Bornos - El Puerto de Santa María01h 10mComes209:3012:306 €
Algodonales - El Puerto de Santa María02h 05mComes112:3012:3010 €
La Línea de la Concepción - El Puerto de Santa María03h 20mComes114:2014:2017 €
* This information is for orientation purposes. Use our search feature to check the most current list of routes/excursions.

Buses from El Puerto de Santa María to other locations. Prices, duration and departures El Puerto de Santa María

Route durationOperators Daily routes First departureLast departurefrom
El Puerto de Santa María - Zurich23h 10mExportbus117:3017:3070 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Canos de Meca01h 15mComes110:0010:006 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Ronda02h 55mComes114:3014:3015 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Pelayo02h 15mComes110:0010:0011 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Olvera02h 35mComes113:3513:3513 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Bornos01h 05mComes213:3514:306 €
El Puerto de Santa María - La Línea de la Concepción02h 45mComes121:3521:3515 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Algeciras02h 15mComes210:0021:3512 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Zahara de los Atunes01h 45mComes114:3514:359 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Puerto Serrano01h 45mComes213:3514:309 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Seville01h 40mComes208:2014:2011 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Alcalá del Valle03h 05mComes113:3513:3515 €
El Puerto de Santa María - El Gastor02h 25mComes114:3014:3011 €
El Puerto de Santa María - St. Gallen21h 50mExportbus117:3017:3070 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Barbate01h 30mComes114:3514:358 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Algodonales02h 00mComes213:3514:3010 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Tarifa01h 40mComes210:0021:3510 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Cadiz00h 30mUte Vja 0891306:4519:502 €
El Puerto de Santa María - Torre Alháquime02h 40mComes113:3513:3513 €
* This information is for orientation purposes. Use our search feature to check the most current list of routes/excursions.

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